Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

The Type 2 Diabetes – Treatment, Symptoms.

The diabetes is a disease chronic characterized by high levels of sugar in blood. Type 2 diabetes, also called diabetes mellitus 2, adult diabetes, diabetes noninsulindependent, or only diabetes affects the way the body processes and uses carbohydrates, fats and proteins.
Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 Diabetes
When start the digestion, sustenance is separated into fundamental parts. The liver processes these nutrients in a type of sugar: glucose which is the basic fuel for the body.

The glucose enter the cells of the body with the help of insulin, a hormone produced by the pancreas. Without it, the glucose not can pass the wall of the cell.

Type 2 diabetes Mellitus occurs when the body‘s cells do not respond efficiently to insulin,condition called insulin resistance.

In people with insulin resistance, the pancreas first produces extra insulin to keep the amount of normal sugar in the blood. Over time, the body insulin resistance worsens and the pancreas is unable to respond to the demands of more and more insulin.as a result, rise in blood glucose levels.

Type 2 diabetes is a hereditary condition and often affects people over the age of 40; However, currently there is diabetes type 2 in younger people. Obesity greatly increases the risk of diabetes.

Symptoms of The Type 2 Diabetes

The symptoms of diabetes are related to high levels of glucose in blood including:

Excess urination, thirst and hunger

Weight loss
Susceptibility increased to infections, particularly infections by yeast or fungi
The levels of sugar in blood extremely high can derive in a complication dangerous so-called syndrome hyperosmolar, which is a form of dehydration mortal. In some cases, hyperosmolar syndrome is the first sign that a person has type 2 diabetes.
This condition cause foggy thinking, weakness, nausea and even attacks and coma.

People with type 2 diabetes take anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce blood sugar, but these drugs could do to sugar levels fall below normal. The low level of blood sugar is called hypoglycemia, and its symptoms include:

Sweating

Tremor
Dizziness
Hunger
Confusion
Attacks and loss of consciousness (if Hypoglycemia is not recognized and corrected)
You can correct the hypoglycemia by eating or drinking something with carbohydrate increases blood sugar.

Type 2 diabetes affects all parts of the body and can cause serious, lifethreatening complications including:

Atherosclerosis: atherosclerosis is the accumulation of fat on the walls of the arteries that can affect the flow of blood to all organs. The heart, brain, and the legs are the most affected.

Retinopathy: small blood vessels in the back of the eye that damages the high level of blood sugar. Retinopathy, treated on time can be minimized by strictly controlling blood sugar and use laser therapy. Untreated retinopathy can lead to blindness.
Neuropathy: it is a nerve damage. Peripheral neuropathy is the most frequent type.The nerves that go to the legs are the first to suffer damage, causing pain and numbness in the feet.
This can progress to cause symptoms in the legs and hands. It canal so damage the nerves that control digestion, sexual function and urine.
Foot problems: sores and ulcers on the feet occur for two reasons:
If peripheral neuropathy causes drowsiness, the person will not feel irritation at the foot. The skin may break and develop an ulcer.
There may be bad blood circulation, which produces a slow healing. If it is not, a simple sore can become infected and turn into a very large sore.
Nephropathy: damage to the kidneys. It is more likely if blood sugar remains high and high blood pressure is not aggressively.
Diagnosis
The diabetes is diagnosed to the perform an analysis of level of sugar in blood. Is extract blood by the morning after has fasting by the night.

Usually, the body keeps levels of sugar in blood between them 70 and 100 milligrams per deciliter (mg / dL), even after have fasting. The diabetes is diagnosed if the level of sugar in blood even after fasting is more high that 125 mg / dL.

Its medical it will examine to see if there are signs of complications of the Type 2 Diabetes that include:

Obesity, especially obesity abdominal

Pressure blood high
Deposits of blood, or yellow and swollen spots on the retina of your eyes
Decreased sensation in the legs
Weak pulse in the feet
Abnormal pulse in the abdomen
Blisters, ulcers or infections in the feet

Routine
laboratory analyses are also used to evaluate if you have or not the Type 2 Diabetes.
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