The Type 2 Diabetes – Treatment, Symptoms.
The diabetes is a disease chronic characterized by high levels of sugar in blood . Type 2 diabetes , also called diabetes mellitus 2, adult diabetes , diabetes non – insulin – dependent , or only diabetes affects the way the body processes and uses carbohydrates , fats and proteins .
Type 2 Diabetes
When start the digestion , s ustenance is separated into fundamental parts . The liver processes these nutrients in a type of sugar : glucose which is the basic fuel for the body .
The glucose enter the cells of the body with the help of insulin , a hormone produced by the pancreas . Without it , the glucose not can pass the wall of the cell .
Type 2 diabetes Mellitus occurs when the body ‘s cells do not respond efficiently to insulin , a condition called insulin resistance.
In people with insulin resistance , the pancreas first produces extra insulin to keep the amount of normal sugar in the blood . Over time , the body insulin resistance worsens and the pancreas is unable to respond to the demands of more and more insulin . as a result , rise in blood glucose levels .
Type 2 diabetes is a hereditary condition and often affects people over the age of 40 ; However , currently there is diabetes type 2 in younger people . Obesity greatly increases the risk of diabetes .
Symptoms of The Type 2 Diabetes
The symptoms of diabetes are related to high levels of glucose in blood including :
Excess urination , thirst and hunger
Susceptibility increased to infections , particularly infections by yeast or fungi
The levels of sugar in blood extremely high can derive in a complication dangerous so-called syndrome hyperosmolar , which is a form of dehydration mortal . In some cases , hyperosmolar syndrome is the first sign that a person has type 2 diabetes .
This condition cause foggy thinking , weakness , nausea and even attacks and coma .
People with type 2 diabetes take anti-inflammatory drugs to reduce blood sugar , but these drugs could do to sugar levels fall below normal . The low level of blood sugar is called hypoglycemia , and its symptoms include :
Attacks and loss of consciousness ( if Hypoglycemia is not recognized and corrected )
You can correct the hypoglycemia by eating or drinking something with carbohydrate increases blood sugar .
Type 2 diabetes affects all parts of the body and can cause serious , life – threatening complications including :
Atherosclerosis : atherosclerosis is the accumulation of fat on the walls of the arteries that can affect the flow of blood to all organs . The heart , brain , and the legs are the most affected .
Retinopathy : small blood vessels in the back of the eye that damages the high level of blood sugar . Retinopathy , treated on time can be minimized by strictly controlling blood sugar and use laser therapy . Untreated retinopathy can lead to blindness .
Neuropathy : it is a nerve damage . Peripheral neuropathy is the most frequent type . The nerves that go to the legs are the first to suffer damage , causing pain and numbness in the feet .
This can progress to cause symptoms in the legs and hands . It can al so damage the nerves that control digestion , sexual function and urine .
Foot problems : sores and ulcers on the feet occur for two reasons :
If peripheral neuropathy causes drowsiness , the person will not feel irritation at the foot . The skin may break and develop an ulcer .
There may be bad blood circulation , which produces a slow healing . If it is not , a simple sore can become infected and turn into a very large sore .
Nephropathy : damage to the kidneys . It is more likely if blood sugar remains high and high blood pressure is not aggressively .
The diabetes is diagnosed to the perform an analysis of level of sugar in blood . Is extract blood by the morning after has fasting by the night .
Usually , the body keeps levels of sugar in blood between them 70 and 100 milligrams per deciliter (mg / dL), even after have fasting . The diabetes is diagnosed if the level of sugar in blood even after fasting is more high that 125 mg / dL.
Its medical it will examine to see if there are signs of complications of the Type 2 D iabetes that include :
Obesity , especially obesity abdominal
Pressure blood high
Deposits of blood , or yellow and swollen spots on the retina of your eyes
Decreased sensation in the legs
Weak pulse in the feet
Abnormal pulse in the abdomen
Blisters , ulcers or infections in the feet
Routine laboratory analyses are also used to evaluate if you have or not the Type 2 Diabetes.